Jones, Charles Colcock, 1804-1863.
Jones, Charles Colcock, 1831-1893.
Plantation life -- Georgia -- History -- 19th century.
Plantation owners -- Georgia.
Presbyterian Church -- Georgia -- History.
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877).
Slavery -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
Southern States -- Economic conditions -- 19th century.
Southern States -- History -- 19th century.
Southern States -- Social conditions -- 19th century.
United States -- History -- 19th century.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.
Yellow fever -- Louisiana -- New Orleans -- 19th century.
These papers include sermons, books in bound manuscript form, plantation books, estate records, photographs, maps, recipes, genealogy, and published books and pamphlets. The largest portion of the papers is made up of the correspondence of the several members of the Jones family of Liberty County, Georgia. These pre-Civil War letters portray the life, work, and beliefs of the Jones family and their relatives, and particularly of Charles Colcock Jones. (Many of the letters collected here have been edited by Robert Manson Myers and published with additional Jones family letters kept in archives at the University of Georgia, Athens, and the Waller Collection, Augusta. A Georgian at Princeton (Harcourt, Brace: 1976) covers 27 July 1850 through 24 June 1852, and The Children of Pride (Yale: 1972) covers 22 May 1854 through 18 January 1868. Both are available in the Louisiana Collection; the latter provides biographies of the correspondents.)
Charles Colcock (C.C.) Jones was born in 1804. His grandfather, Major John Jones, moved from South Carolina to Georgia shortly before the American Revolution; he died in the siege of Savannah, 1779. C.C. Jones’s father, also named John Jones, died in 1805; his mother died in 1810. His uncle, Joseph Jones (1779-1846), and other relatives helped raise C.C. Jones and his older sister, Susan Mary. Joseph Jones was a successful Liberty County planter and served in the Liberty Independent Troop during the War of 1812. (His daughter, Mary Jones (1808-1869), eventually became the wife of C.C. Jones, her first cousin.)
C.C. Jones studied at the Andover Theological Seminary and the Princeton Theological Seminary. Many of his early sermons and writings survive here, such as his notes on the famous New England theologian, Jonathan Edwards.
After his ordination as a Presbyterian minister, C.C. Jones served as pastor to the First Presbyterian Church in Savannah. In 1832, he returned to Liberty County to attend to his family’s plantations, Montevideo, Maybank, and Arcadia. At the same time, he began evangelizing to the slaves on these plantations and those of other plantations whose owners permitted him. He wrote several books based on his experience, including a Catechism of Scripture Doctrine and Practice Designed for the Oral Instruction of Colored Persons (1837, and other edition s in box 45) which was translated for missionary work abroad. He supported the emigration of slaves to West Africa as a possible solution to slavery. Several letters discuss this and the American Colonization Society (9 July 1829, 3 Feb 1830, 18 May 1830, 18 May 1837).While he founded a Society of Enquiry Concerning Africans at Princeton, of which he was President, he did not seem to have pursued the idea seriously as he grew older. The collection contains an 7 April 1851 letter from a former slave named Henry B. Stewart writing from Sino-Greensville, Liberia.
As the Civil War approached, Jones felt obliged to defend the institution of slavery (see; “Slavery…as it Appears in the Holy Scriptures,” Box 43). In his last years, he worked on an immense History of the Church of God which was unpublished at the time of his death. Manuscript portions of the work appear in boxes 37 and 38. Towards the end of his life, Jones kept a diary of his almanacs containing observations of the early years of the war (1857: box 16, folder 10; 1858: box 18, folder 12; 1859: box 19, folder 13; 1860: box 20, folder 5,; 1861: box 21, folder 6; 1862: box 21, folder 16). Jones served as professor of ecclesiastical history at the Columbia, S.C., Theological Seminary and as Secretary of the Presbyterian Board of Domestic Missions in Philadelphia. In addition to his private and religious papers, there are several plantation books for plantations which he oversaw or for which he was executor (see inventory of box 39).
The collection also contains the correspondence of Dr. Jones’s two sons. His first son, Charles Colcock Jones, Jr. (1831-1888, correspondence 1841-1888), was educated by private tutors, at South Carolina College (1848-1850), the College of New Jersey at Princeton (1852), and Harvard Law School (1855). Admitted to the Georgia bar, he was elected mayor of Savannah in 1860 and was an ardent secessionist. He was General Beauregard’s Chief of Artillery during the Civil War, attaining the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. After the war, he moved his family to New York in 1865 and set up a law practice. For a list of the pamphlets and articles of his included in his collection, please see the inventory of box 43.
The second son, Joseph Jones, M.D. (1833-1896, correspondence 1848-1877) earned an A.B. from the College of New Jersey at Princeton (1853) and an M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania (1856). In 1858, he was appointed to the chair of chemistry at Savannah Medical College. He taught natural philosophy and natural theology at the University of Georgia at Athens, and he later became professor of chemistry at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta. During the Civil War, he attained the rank of Surgeon-Major in the Confederate Army, and he conducted medical research in the Confederate camps throughout the war. Settling in New Orleans after the war, he was appointed to the chair of chemistry and clinical medicine at the University of Louisiana (later Tulane University), a post he held until his death. As president (1880-1884) of the State Board of Health, he struggled to improve the sanitary conditions of New Orleans. Through his publications and research in tropical medicine and general hygiene, he earned an international reputation. More manuscript materials dealing with Joseph Jones’s career will be found in collection 172 Joseph Jones Papers.
Another person prominently represented in the collection is Robert Quarterman Mallard (1830- 1904, correspondence 1851-1889) who married C.C. Jones’s only daughter, Mary Sharpe Jones (1835-1889). He also grew up in Liberty Country, Georgia, and after training at the Columbia, S.C., Theological Seminary, he was made pastor in his home town of the Walthourville Church. He served there for seven years until called to the Central Presbyterian Church of Atlanta. He was briefly a prisoner of the Federal forces during the Civil War. In 1866, he accepted a call to the pulpit of the Prytania St. Church in New Orleans. In 1879, he began working in the Napoleon Ave. Church where he stayed until his death. Dr. Mallard was moderator of the Synod of Mississippi in 1874, and moderator of the General Assembly in Memphis in 1896. He succeeded Dr. H.M. Smith as the editor of the Southwestern Presbyterian, and held that office for nearly thirteen years. Besides his correspondence, the collection also contains numerous pamphlets written by Dr. Mallard (see inventory of box 13). He also wrote two books about antebellum life: Plantation Life Before Emancipation (1892) and Montevideo-Maybank, or, the Family Life of the Rev. Charles Colcock Jones, D.D. (1898): see box 45.
Also of interest in the collection are the Civil War diaries (box 23, December 1864-January 1865) written by Mary Jones (1808-1869) and her daughter, Mary Sharpe Jones (1835-1889), by then the wife of R.Q. Mallard. She gave birth to a daughter while she and her mother were trying to fend off the repeated searches and thefts by the men of Sherman’s army, during their march through Georgia. The diaries record this and other problems they endured at the time. In addition, the collection contains numerous letters by both mother and daughter throughout their lives, and box 40, folders 14-16, contain loose recipes and a book of recipes that they probably used.
Other correspondents include John Jones (1815-1893, correspondence 1829-1862), younger brother of Mary Jones,; Henry Hart Jones (1832-1893, correspondence 1837-1863), half-brother of Mary Jones; Elizabeth Jones (1794-1856, correspondence 1831-1856), wife of William Maxwell and half-sister of Charles Colcock Jones; Susan Mary Jones (1803-1890, correspondence 1830-1887) daughter of John Jones and sister of Charles Colcock Jones who married James Audley Maxwell in 1823 and, a widow, married Joseph Cumming in 1838; Laura Elizabeth Maxwell (1824-1903, correspondence 1851-1887), daughter of Susan Mary Jones and James Audley Maxwell.
A Note on the Civil War Diaries in the Charles Colcock Jones Collection.
The diaries of Mary Jones and her daughter Mrs. Mary Mallard cover December 1864 and January 1865. In this period, Sherman’s armies were marching to the sea through Georgia. The chief value of the diaries lies in the description of the march’s effect on the Jones’s plantation in Liberty Country and the reactions of these women to the events
As documents, they present rather a puzzle. Mrs. Mallard’s diary appears in a notebook that her husband, a Presbyterian minister, had used to jot down biblical quotations which he intended to develop into sermons. He himself quotes his wife’s diary extensively in his book Plantation Life Before Emancipation (Richmond, 1892). He does not mention Mrs. Jones’s diary.
The second diary, completely in Mrs. Jones’s hand, parallels the first very closely. The first begins on December 13th and breaks off in mid-sentence on the 20th. For this period, the second seems in fact to be a copy of the first, although Mrs. Jones does not hesitate to rephrase and amplify her daughter’s account. After the 20th, however, the entries are for the most part clearly Mrs. Jones’s, referring to Mrs. Mallard as “Daughter,” although a few entries do seem again to copy something which has since been lost. In any case, Mrs. Jones was certainly the author of entries on and after January 4th. On that day, Mrs. Mallard gave birth to a daughter.
As an aside, I should point out that neither Manson Myers, who quotes in full Mrs. Jones’s diary in Children of Pride (New Haven, 1972), nor Haskell Monroe, who also edited and published the diary in Mrs. Jones’s hand (as Yankees A’Coming:Tuscaloosa, 1959), mention the existence of Mrs. Mallard’s diary, even though their text and that published in 1892 by Rev. Mallard (whose books both Myers and Monroe cite) show difference which imply separate sources for the two documents.
(The above text adapted from the original legacy finding aid, written in 1979)
Box 1: Correspondence and other papers, December 1774-1825
Box 2: Correspondence, March 1826-December 1830
Box 3: Correspondence, January 1831-December 1834
Box 4: Correspondence and other papers, January 1835-December 1837
Box 5: Correspondence and other papers, January 1838-September 6, 1841
Box 6: Correspondence, January 1842-December 1846
Box 7: Correspondence and other papers, January 1847-December 1849
Box 8: Correspondence, January-December 1850
Box 9: Correspondence, January 1, 1851-June 30, 1851
Box 10: Correspondence, July 1, 1851-December 31, 1851
Box 11: Correspondence, January 1, 1852-June 30, 1852
Box 12: Correspondence, July 1852-June 1853
Box 13: Correspondence, July-December 1853
Box 14: Correspondence, January-December 1854
Box 15: Correspondence, January 1855-June 30, 1856
Box 16: Correspondence and other papers, July 1856-June 30, 1857
Box 17: Correspondence, July 1857-June 30, 1858
Box 18: Correspondence and other papers, July 1858-June 1859
Box 19: Correspondence and othe papers, July 1859-August 1860
Box 20: Correspondence and other papers, September 1860-July 1861
Box 21: Correspondence and other papers, August 1861-December 1862
Box 22: Correspondence and other papers, January-December 1863
Box 23: Correspondence and other papers, January 1864-December 1865
Box 24: Correspondence, January-December 1866
Box 25: Correspondence, January-December 1867
Box 26: Correspondence, January 1868-October 1870
Box 27: Correspondence, January 1871-December 1877
Box 28: Correspondence, January 1878-1885
Box 29: Correspondence, January 1886-June 20, 1904
Box 30: Correspondence, Miscellaneous [No Dates]
Box 31: Sermons, 1824-1834
Box 32: Sermons, addresses, May 24, 1834-December 1841
Box 33: Sermons, February 12, 1842-January 14, 1853
Box 34: Sermons and R.Q. Mallard Papers, 1854-1902
Box 35: "Unregeneracy in the Ministry", 1850-1874
Box 36: Church History: Chinese Catechism and other papers, 1850-1855
Box 37: "History of the Church of God", 1859-1860
Box 38: "History of the Church of God", 1861-1862
Box 39: Plantation Books, 1785-(1834-1848)-1861
Box 40: Estate C. E. Maxwell and other papers, 1760-1898; 1974
Box 41: Genealogy
Box 42: Miscellaneous, [ca. 1800]-1912
Box 43: Pamphlets and Printed Material, 1830-1911
Box 44: Bound Manuscripts: Books, 1816-1889
Box 45: Published Books, 1824-1898