United States Marine Hospital records, 1879-1891 | Louisiana Research Collection

By LAC Group

Collection Overview

Title: United States Marine Hospital records, 1879-1891

ID: LaRC/Manuscripts Collection 757

Primary Creator: United States. Marine Hospital (New Orleans, La.)

Extent: 2.0 Boxes

Arrangement: The collection is arranged chronologically. The collection consists of two boxes.

Date Acquired: 05/02/1988

Subjects: Armstrong, S. T., Austin, H. W., Death -- Causes., Diagnosis., Hospitals -- Louisiana -- New Orleans., Patients., United States. Marine Hospital (New Orleans, La.)

Forms of Material: Hospital records., Medical records., Registers (lists)

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The collection consists of three volumes of hospital records from the United States Marine Hospital at the Port of New Orleans covering the period between 1879 and 1891. Information includes patient histories by surgeons, admission and discharge dates, autopsy results, diagnosis, demographic information, disease or injury information, and other remarks.

Biographical Note

The United States Marine Hospital of New Orleans was part of the Marine-Hospital Service, a group of Marine Hospitals dedicated to caring for ill and disabled seamen in the United States Merchant Marine, United States Coast Guard, and other federal beneficiaries. The Service was created by an act of the 5th United States Congress and signed into law by President John Adams in 1798. It was the first publicly-funded health care and disease prevention federal agency in the country. In New Orleans the federal government created a marine hospital before the United States officially assumed control of the Louisiana Purchase. A flood inundated the hospital's original building on the river's western shore near Algiers, so it was moved to the Jackson Barracks, where it stayed until 1858. A new location on Tchoupitoulas near Children's Hospital was eventually chosen. Improvements were made on the hospital grounds in 1931, when seven new buildings were constructed, as well as a stable, a laundry, and a service center. Over time, the scope of the hospital's duties expanded and it was renamed the Public Health and Marine Hospital Service and later the Public Health Service. By 1954 the facility became known simply as the United States Public Health Service Hospital. Eventually, federal funding was cut, and in 1981 the state acquired the property. The following year, the site became the State Drug Addiction Center and, in 1983, the New Orleans Adolescent Hospital.

Subject/Index Terms

Armstrong, S. T.
Austin, H. W.
Death -- Causes.
Hospitals -- Louisiana -- New Orleans.
United States. Marine Hospital (New Orleans, La.)

Administrative Information

Repository: Louisiana Research Collection

Access Restrictions: Collection is open to the public. No known restrictions.

Use Restrictions: Physical rights are retained by the Louisiana Research Collection. Copyright is retained in accordance with U.S. copyright laws.

Acquisition Source: I. Bruce Turner, University of Louisiana at Lafayette

Acquisition Method: Gift.

Preferred Citation: United States Marine Hospial records, Manuscripts Collection 757, Louisiana Research Collection, Howard-Tilton Memorial Library, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118.

Processing Information: Collection processed in 1988 by JH.

Finding Aid Revision History: Finding aid information entered in Archon by LAC Group in 2011.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Hospital histories of patients, 1879 December-1890 February],
[Box 2: Hospital register of patients, 1890 January-1891 December],

Box 2: Hospital register of patients, 1890 January-1891 December
Volume 3: Register of Patients of the United States Marine Hospital at the Port of New Orleans, 1890 January-1891 December
Includes race, name, age, place of birth, date of admission, disease or injury, complications, date of discharge or death, and any remarks.

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